Category Archives: Pharmacy

Herbal Drugs and Their Spasmodic Effects

The typically synthesized derivatives, to mention a few, such as isoflavones, ketamine benzaldehyde or benzyl cinnamate thalidomide mebeverine hydrochloride verapamil and midazolam, are currently used in pharmaceutical drug industry as antispasmodic and vasodilators. However, a large number of herbal remedies of plant isolates proved just as effective and useful.

Herbal drugs in general, are often used in urinary tract diseases such as inflammation of the lower urinary tract, kidney and bladder, and also benign prostata hyperplasia. They usually show mild aquaretic / diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antispasmodic actions. Aniba canelilla (Mez) is a medicinal plant used in the Amazon folkas therapeutic , antispasmodic, anti-diuretic, carminative, tonic agent. It is used also as a stimulant of the digestive and central nervous system; the plant essential oil has analgesic activity. The hydroalcoholic extracts of Achillea millefolium L. (AM) and Artemisia vulgaris L. (AV), both belonging to the Asteraceae family, confirm their folk use as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic agents.

The antispasmodic effects of methyleugenol from the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus is reported to possess bitter, stimulant, tonic, antispasmodic and anthelmintic properties. Artemisia scoparia Waldst and kit (Compositae) is a source of immense medicinal and pharmaceutical importance, such as Scoparone, Rutin and Esculetin which are effective as immunosuppressants, hepatoprotective, antispasmodic, hypotensive, antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory agents.

St John’s Wart (Hypericum perforatum) is famous for its many medicinal uses. The crude extract of aerial parts and its fractions were studied in vitro for its possible spasmolytic and bronchodilator activities. The composites of are sold as pills in over-the-counter herbal remedies in pharmacies.

Of the several hallucinogenic plant constiuents; papavrine, morphine and opium were shown to have sedative and antispasmodic effects, besides their addictive nature and other deleterious effects when often misused.

Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) is an ancient, highly significant and popular plant species with proven pharmaceutical value especially, against human chronic diseases in modern medicine. Among the opium alkaloids, morphine is a strong analgesic, while codeine is anti-tussive and papaverine antispasmodic. Besides being a potent pain killer, morphine, the largest component of opium, exhibits a combination of depression and stimulation in the central nervous system. India is a unique country where opium poppy is legitimately cultivated for gum latex as per WHO guidelines.

Hyoscine, another hallucinogenic and poisonous plant constituents, experience wide use in phamacetical drug industry. Hyoscine butylbromide (tradenames: Buscopan/Buscapina) is an antispasmodic drug for the treatment of abdominal pain associated with gastrointestinal cramping. As a hyoscine derivative, it competitively inhibits muscarinic acetylcholine receptors on smooth muscle cells in the gastrointestinal tract…

The natural and often common -day used plant materials as spices and flavouring in food products are cardamom, pepper ginger and mint. These were found to have some spasmodic effects as well.As an example the “gastrointestinal tea” contains natural cardamom (seed), pomegranate (grains), long red pepper (foeti), physocarpous siberian (roots), berry apple (foeti), red bartsia (herb) of specified proportions have anti-inflammatory action; enzyme normalization of gastrointestinal tract; improvement of gastric juice enzymatic activity; antispasmodic and analgesic action…

Ginger (rhizome of Zingiber officinale) is a well known herb for its culinary and wide range of medicinal uses, and is considered an essential component of the kitchen pharmacy. More commonly, ginger has been traditionally used in disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, as a stomachic, laxative, sialog gue, gastric emptying enhancer, appetizer, antiemetic, antidyspepsic, antispasmodic, and antiulcer agent with sufficient scientific support. Similarly, ginger has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic, anti- migraine, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, diuretic, and hypocholes

The use of mint species in traditional and conventional medicine is mostly due to the presence of two classes of secondary monoterpenoids in essential oils and different structural types of phenolic compounds. Essential oils are known to act as antimicrobial, antispasmodic, carminative, and antiviral agents. In addition, the essential oils of several mint species have been recently qualified as natural antioxidants.

Psidium guajava L has an edible fruit when ripe and has a pleasant aroma. Guava has been a widely used folkloric medicine in China, India, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Tropical America. Being rich in polyphenolics and flavonoids, it exhibits many therapeutic uses including amebicide, analgesic, vermifuge, antimalarial, antibacterial, colic-relief, antispasmodic, astringent, antiulcerous, gastrototonic cough suppressant, hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, diarrheal, some psychic diseases and hyperglycaemia.

Other plant parts that can mentioned here for their spasmodic effects are: Tribulus terrestris Linn; different parts of which are highly prized remedy amongst the people of India. Since ancient periods, the fruit is used as demulcent, diuretic, antispasmodic and aphrodisiac. The fruits have been identified by their macroscopic and microscopic characters, cell contents, the behavior of powdered drug with different reagents and preliminary phytochemical analysis.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L..) is traditionally used against inflammatory and spasmodic gastrointestinal complaints, hepato-biliary disorders, as an appetite enhancing drug, against skin inflammations and for wound healing, due to its antiphlogistic, choleretic and spasmolytic properties. The main pharmacologically active principles were shown to be the essential oil (antimicrobial), proazulenes and other sesquiterpene lactones (antiphlogistic), dicaffeoylquinic acids (choleretic) and flavonoids (antispasmodic).

‘Tian-ma’ (Gastrodia elata Blume) is an effective analgesic and antispasmodic agent and there are some counterfeits in the Chinese traditional medicine

Drugs and Tests for Less

Would you buy groceries without knowing their prices? I suspect not. You probably compare the costs of different boxes of cereal in order to get the best deal. But when it comes to medical care, do you even ask for the prices involved?

While it’s true that good health is priceless, and cutting corners on health care is risky, there is still much you can do in order to obtain the same good value in medical care that you insist upon in other areas of your life.

If you lack a prescription plan that pays for your medications, it’s high time you discussed the cost of drugs with your doctor. Your doctor’s number-one choice in medication for your medical condition might be expensive. There are usually reasonable alternatives that cost less. You should take advantage of your doctor’s expertise in estimating trade-offs involved with each of your options.

Apart from prices, your doctor is already balancing a number of important factors in making a drug recommendation. First, of course, the drug needs to be medically effective–otherwise, why bother? The doctor also takes into consideration what other medications you are taking, what other illnesses you have, your age, your gender, the drug’s side-effect spectrum, and also its convenience aspects, like how many times per day it has to be taken and whether or not blood-tests are required to monitor it. A drug that might score high on effectiveness and side-effects might still be inconvenient. An alterative might be both convenient and effective, but pose a higher risk of side-effects.

So the truth of the matter is that your doctor is already sorting through all sorts of trade-offs in choosing a medication to prescribe. Factoring in the prices of alternative drugs just builds on the comparing-apples-to-oranges process you are paying your doctor to do for you in the first place. But if the doctor doesn’t know that you lack a prescription plan, he or she might not include the cost of drugs in these reckonings and you might be stuck with a prescription that wrecks your budget.

The next step in obtaining maximum value for your investment in medication is to shop it around. Let your fingers do the walking by phoning several pharmacies for a price-check. I even write out a script for my shy patients who get nervous when they talk to medical personnel. It goes something like this: “Hi, I’d like to do a price-check on my prescription medication. How much would it cost to buy thirty furosemide 20 milligram (or whatever) pills? Thank you very much. Have a great day!”

In repeating this process with different pharmacies you will discover there can be quite a spread among even nearby drugstores. Suppose that your ten minutes on the phone saves you $20 on your prescription. Then you have just earned money at a rate of $120 per hour each month for your efforts. It is time well spent.

Cost-consciousness is also valuable when it comes to medical tests. If the cost of a medical test is prohibitive (as is often the case) and you don’t have the luxury of letting someone else pay for it, then encourage your doctor to talk through your alternatives with you. Does the same test cost less at one facility than at another? How important is the test? What could go wrong if you skip it, delay it or substitute a less expensive test? What are the chances of a serious repercussion?

Unfortunately, your doctor usually has less latitude when cost-optimizing your medical tests, but what could it hurt to ask? You might be glad you did.

The Benefits of Purchasing Discount Drugs

Companies that provide discount drugs are a godsend to many people. Here is some information on how they work, why these businesses are able to offer such cheap medications, and how to be well informed as you do research into which distributor is right for you.

How They Work

Many distributors of discount drugs are able to offer safe, FDA-approved medications to customers at vastly lower prices than they would find at pharmacies because the regulations in other countries are different. They legally acquire generic (and brand-name) drugs from nations whose health law systems allow different pills into the market faster than those of the U.S., and they can then sell these drugs to American consumers at low costs, sometimes as much as 80% off the typical price.

These companies carry all sorts of much-needed prescription drugs, such as medications for blood pressure, thyroid issues, mental health problems, diabetes, and more. When consumers take the time to seek out a trustworthy discount service, they not only cut their costs exorbitantly, but they also do away with the long lines and hassle of pharmacies. What’s more, some pharmacies can be unreliable and lack quality customer service. Affordable medicine companies can provide a convenient and viable alternative.

What to Look For

Obviously, the most important things to make sure of are that the company you choose offers the particular medicine you need and that it only provides FDA-approved, top-quality products. Some of these are brand-name pills, but many are generic medications that work equally well, as long as they are approved.

Choose a provider who has an established reputation and staff members who are experienced in dealing with clients and medicine. Only accept top-tier customer service. Health care is a personal, complicated matter. Every case is different, and when your well-being is at stake, you have to make sure you are dealing with people who can offer you nuanced advice for your particular situation and medical history.

A good way to research the company’s reputation is to read reviews and testimonials from other customers. In addition, look for businesses that have the confidence to offer official guarantees.

Once you know you’re getting the best quality product and service available, then consider the price. All discount drugs save money, but some companies offer better deals than others. The best ones have comprehensive systems staffed by well-trained employees to research and utilize the entire world market. These businesses are able to offer their customers the best deals.

Convenience is a factor as well. Often, these services have patients email or fax their prescriptions, after which the company sends the medication directly to the patent’s door. This saves on the stress and wait-time factor of going to a pharmacy. Consider turnaround time as well; you don’t want to have to rely on a prescription that will take a whole month to be delivered. You want a company that offers timely and reliable service.

Five Expensive Drugs And Why You Don’t Need To Take Them

As Americans, we are spending over $200 billion a year on prescription drugs. Truth be told, you don’t really care do you? All you care about is how much money YOU are spending. If you are average, you are spending almost two hundred dollars a month out-of-pocket for your prescriptions.

Who or what is the cause for this expense? Many people see the great advertisements that big drug manufacturers use to promote their medication. The pharmaceutical companies have spent billions of dollars promoting the medications listed here.

The manufacturers are not the only ones to blame. The government allows drug companies to control the testing of their own drugs. The trials are often times designed to suit the manufacturers and not the best interest of the consumers.

HMOs and hospitals make deals with the drug companies to allow their patients access to the expensive, brand name medication. They do this because, when the patient is discharged, the doctor will write a prescription for this expensive pill when cheaper, older, and proven medications will work just as well.

Your doctor, yes YOUR doctor, lives in a world of freebies. Free dinners, free sports tickets, free golf outing, free vacations, among other things are seen as normal instead of the outrageous enticements that they are. Drug manufacturers hand out these “incentives” to your doctor, yes YOUR doctor, for prescribing their expensive medication for you.

Are you a shareholder in “big-pharma?” If so, you are inadvertently putting pressure on the drug manufacturers to turn out a big profit. If they are not making money for you on your stock purchase, you may choose to sell the stock. So these companies have to continue to churn out the big profits.

All these factors combined continue to increase your overall bill at the pharmacy. What can you do? You can start by knowing about your medication. Why are you taking it? Is there a less expensive alternate?

Are you taking any of the medications listed here? If so, you will learn why they are on this list of prescription drugs that you should not be taking.

The drug Prilosec was introduced in 1989 and soon became the most popular prescription drug in the world. Even though Prilosec is an excellent medication, advertising is what really put the medication over the top. Just before the patent on Prilosec expired, allowing generic companies to produce the medication for a fraction of the cost, Nexium was born.

What did the manufacturer do to create Nexium? They took the molecule and turned it over. That’s right, they turned it upside down. If you turned an apple over, it’s still an apple, right? In the prescription drug world, this is called a new drug.

In the drug manufacturer’s own testing, only one study showed Nexium working better than Prilosec, and that was just a 3% increase in ulcer healing time.

You can go to your pharmacy and, with insurance, pay your brand co-pay for Nexium. This will probably be $30 to $50 depending upon your individual plan. Without insurance, Nexium will cost you about $150 a month. On the other hand, generic Prilosec, known as omeprazole, is just a fraction of the price. You will be charged your generic co-pay, typically $5 or $10. Without insurance, thirty omeprazole capsules will set you back about $50, depending where you purchase your medication.

“It’s a scam.” Those are the exact words from a former Plavix salesman. The manufacturer spent millions of dollars studying Plavix and was given approval by the FDA mainly because it is an alternative to people who are allergic to aspirin and/or warfarin.

The CAPRIE study is cited here in Journal of the National Medical Association. 98(5):711-21, 2006 May. In the trial, 19,185 patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease received either Plavix or aspirin for two years. Plavix provided an additional 8.7% relative risk reduction in ischemic stroke, myocardial infraction, or vascular death compared with aspirin.

So yes, $130 a month Plavix works better than forty cents a month aspirin. It works 8.7% better. To put it another way, cheap aspirin is 91.3% as effective as the expensive Plavix

Another reason, one study found that patients who took Plavix had 12 times as many ulcers as those who took aspirin plus a heartburn pill. This, despite the fact that up to half of patients taking Plavix take it because their doctors think it is safer for the stomach than aspirin.

The most popular brand medication of 2005 is on this list. Lipitor is a popular medication because it works. The problem here is that there are much less expensive medications that will do the same thing for you. Lovastatin, pravastatin, and simvastatin are the generics in this class of medication.

Lipitor can easily be replaced with the three generics. All three are much cheaper and work the same way but simvastatin is the most popular choice. You won’t see any advertisements for lovastatin or simvastatin because they are generic and both have a proven track record of success.

You can further reduce the cost by cutting these tablets in half. These medications are the perfect candidates for splitting. Simply ask your doctor for twice the strength and cut them in half. A one time five dollar investment in a tablet cutter can save you twenty or thirty dollars a month.

The story of Clarinex is very similar to the story of Nexium. The manufacturer did a little tweaking of the molecule just before the patent expired. They removed an inactive part of the Claritin molecule and called it Clarinex. To make it easier to understand, they cut the fat off the steak, but it is still steak.

Now that Claritin is available over the counter, the price has dropped significantly. There are now a couple of companies making a generic version. Look for the active ingredient called loratadine.

Clarinex will not work any better for you than Claritin. There is no reason to spend almost $100 for a month’s supply of Clarinex. Spend less than $10 a month for generic over-the-counter loratadine.

Celebrex was developed several years ago because it causes much less stomach upset than the traditional anti-inflammatories. The problem with Celebrex is that it does not work any better than older, established medications. This is where the “it’s all in your head” comes into effect. When you pay $3 for this pretty capsule, your mind is going to tell you that it works. Yes, your mind is playing tricks on you, it’s called the placebo effect.

Here are a few cited studies from reputable medical journals proving this. Remember, in order to get FDA approval, a company just has to prove that their medication works better than a sugar pill.

– Comparative trials versus other anti-inflammatories failed to show that Celebrex was any more effective for pain relief, Prescrire International. 14(79):177-8, 2005 Oct.

– There was no significant difference between Celebrex and non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, except that Celebrex 200mg was less effective than ibuprofen 400mg, Journal of Clinical Pharmacy & Therapeutics. 29(3):215-29, 2004 Jun

– Single dose oral Celebrex is an effective means of postoperative pain relief, similar in efficacy to aspirin 650mg, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (2):CD004233, 2003.

– Efficacy assessments showed the efficacy of 200mg per day of Celebrex to be continuous and maintained for at least the 12 weeks of the study and that it was equivalent to 400mg per day of Celebrex and 1000mg per day of naproxen, American Journal of Therapeutics. 10(1):12-20, 2003 Jan-Feb.

– Ibuprofen liquigels were a significantly more effective analgesic and provided relief significantly faster compared with Celebrex in the treatment of postsurgical pain, Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 42(8):912-9, 2002 Aug.

To sum up; Celebrex is no better than other, far less expensive anti-inflammatories, is as effective as two aspirin, is as effective as two over-the-counter naproxen taken twice a day, and is less effective than ibuprofen. You don’t need it.

Prescription Drug Online Pharmacy

From the past decade, the online shopping is growing rapidly around the world. Especially, purchasing Prescription drugs through online is become very popular. Not only purchasing Prescription drugs also you can purchase vitamin foods, over the counter medicines, items for health care, the medicines for diabetic and important weight loss products and many more. And also with this online pharmacy, you can find a pharmacy store which is nearer to you, and also you can send your prescription through mail and your medicines delivered at your doorsteps. There are so many online pharmacy stores are having their websites in internet. You need to visit their website and fill a form and email your prescriptions. These people will follow some particular steps and rules after that they will send you drugs.

When you are filling the online form, you need to provide some personal information like your name, mailing address, and some important details like doctor name, dispensary and prescription proof. And also you need to provide the details about the payment process. After that, they will finalize the prescription order and information regarding the insurance policy which you are holding now and shipping information. The payment mode should be either online payment, or you need to visit the store to complete the payment process depends upon the online pharmacy which you have selected. When you are decided to pay the amount through online, you need to consider some important things to complete the process. First, please check that the website having a secured transaction process or not. Please make sure that this website must have the HTTP configuration. Some of the internet criminal is doing hacking the websites and stealing the information about payment and medical information.

The next generation of pharmacy is the online pharmacy, with the devastating growth of internet this will create a new history in online shopping. In this competitive pharmacy business, if you want to survive you need to have a secured web site. When you are selecting the best online pharmacy store, you need to check their site credentials and licensed certificate issued by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy. If any pharmacy web site is not clearing your queries, it is better to choose another website in internet. It is better to select the large pharmacy group which is well known to everyone. And also it is great ideas select the store which you have already dealt with them. Any how, the future pharmacy is online pharmacy.

Your Health and Pharmacy

Online pharmacies are becoming more and more popular among drug buyers. Most web drug stores sell prescription and over-the-counter drugs. Their stock includes treatment for diabetes, heart conditions, birth control, and the like. After trying herbal or natural treatments, consumers can choose to purchase vitamins and other alternative medicines from drug store websites.

Internet purchases typically deliver the order to your doorstep. Others give the option of picking it up in a specific region. The fetching option is practical if you live near the pharmacy site’s office address. Nevertheless, it’s still easier to have them deliver your order. It defeats the point of buying from the net if you still have to travel for your purchase.

Prior to buying any medication, the website will entail you to enter the prescription note figure, doctor’s name, your name, account specifics, and additional confidential information. The prescription is required for controlled medicine purchases. With no authorized prescribed note from your physician, your order won’t be approved and sent. A legitimate web drug store ensures the drugs sent out are given to people who have seen a physician. Do not rely on sites that don’t demand a prescription. They’re probably supplying controlled or unauthorized prescribed medication. It is illegal in all countries to deliver prescribed medicines without an official recommendation from a doctor.

Paying is commonly made via credit card while other sites offer a PayPal option. The more authorized pharmacies demand credit card pay, which can be accessed in case the order isn’t delivered or you get a false purchase.

As you shop online, it is smartest to avoid apparent or rip off online pharmacies. Scam online pharmacies might just get your cash without delivering your order or would deliver fake, and possibly dangerous, medications. To stop ordering from scam websites, there are several details you can watch out for. The first detail is obvious and demands no additional sleuthing. Check if the web address starts with an https:// instead of the common http://. The letter s at the end confirms that the site is protected and will not reveal the information you will reveal.

You can also verify the site by checking out the Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Site. This website has a list prepared by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy. The association is in charge of ensuring that quality standards and procedures are executed by online pharmacy websites. You can also read pharmacy reviews websites. These reviews websites offer the best and unreliable pharmacies you can purchase medicines from. The online testimonials are posted by former and present customers of the rated websites. If you don’t have sufficient time to read through each testimonial, you can go through the general feedback and see how high it stands. Go for sites with high or five-star ratings. The customers themselves review the websites according to their customer service, medicine supply, and delivery arrival.

You should also check if the site has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. The US FDA ensures that the drug supply is done safely and packaged properly. The business is probably operating unauthorized if it has not gone through the FDA. You can also see how many visits the website receives on search engines. If it is a primary search result, you can probably rely on its supply and services.

Looking for the best online pharmacy website requires some research. Though it’ll consume some of your schedule, the practicality it’ll give outweighs spending for gas, driving, and then paying for expensive costs at the community drug store. By going through enough drug store testimonies and reviewing their subject matter, you’ll be able to pick the best online pharmacy for your clinical requirements.

Prescription Drugs, Driving and Pharmacy

Although not as an immediately obvious driving hazard as alcohol, prescription drugs can be equally mind altering and equally deadly. It is the job of pharmacists to affix warning labels to any drug that may have a mind altering effect on patients that may render them unsafe to drive.

A pharmacist forgetting to put a warning label on a drug is a form of pharmacy error and if that action causes serious injury or death to an innocent person, the pharmacist or pharmacy tech can be found liable for negligence or wrongful death. It is important to realize that there is always a possibility for pharmacy error when picking up a prescription drug. It is always best to take the drug for the first time in a safe setting-such as in your living room-to find out how exactly it will effect you before you try to do an activity which may be dangerous such as driving.

Common Prescription Drugs Which Affect Mental Awareness

For some people who are incredibly sensitive to drugs, a drug that normally does not have any adverse mental side effects may render them unfit to drive. But for the most part, there are select drugs which can cause serious mental impairment. Some of these drugs include:

Pain killers which contain opiates

Anti-histamines which are not labeled as non drowsy. Even non drowsy anti-histamines may have an adverse effect on some people and should be tested before driving.

Anxiety medications

If you have are unsure about the possible effects of a certain drug, you can ask your pharmacist any questions you may have. If you are still unsure or wish to double check, most drugs with lists of side effects can be found on the internet.

Brand-Name Drugs, Generic Drugs

If you’ve thought about buying prescription drugs on the internet you may have found the whole experience rather confusing. Here are some questions you might have wondered about.

  • Are generic drugs as good as brand-names?
  • Are drug copies such as “generic viagra” safe to use?
  • Does it matter if a drug is not “FDA approved”?
  • Are you breaking US law if you buy non-FDA-approved drugs on the internet?

These are just some of the questions many people have about online pharmacies and online drugs. The purpose of this article is to answer some of these questions

1. What is a Generic Drug?In the US and many other countries, a “generic” drug is a copy of a brand-name drug. It has identical active ingredients as the brand-name version, and so it is the same as the brand-name version in dosage, safety, strength, quality, performance, and intended use.

A generic version of a brand-name drug is not just similar to its brand-name counterpart. It is identical in all its important characteristics. It must not look like the brand-name version, and it may have a different flavor. But the amount of important active ingredients is the same,and therefore it has the same therapeutic characteristics as its brand-name counterpart.

2. Does every Brand-Name Drug have a Generic Counterpart?

No, every brand-name drug does not have a generic counterpart. This is especially the case with newer drugs such as Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra. These brand-name formulations are patent-protected for 20 years from the date of the submission of the patent. That means that no other drug company can introduce a “generic” version of any of these drugs while its patent is in effect. This allows the original developer of the brand-name drug to recover research and development costs.

When the patent for a specific drug expires, other companies — including the original developer of the brand-name drug — can apply to the FDA to sell generic versions.

This also explains why legitimate generic drugs are cheaper than their brand-name counterparts. A generic manufacturer does not have to recover research and development costs and can therefore sell them for less. This also has a tendency to drive down the price of the brand-name version as well.

3. Do Generic Drugs have to be FDA-Approved?

Yes, all prescription drugs, including all generic drugs must be FDA approved. In order to be sold to the public, generic drugs must pass the same FDA inspections as their brand-name counterparts. They must be manufactured to the same high standards, and the facilities where they are produced are subjected to the same inspections. In fact, an estimated 50 percent of all generic drugs are produced by the same company that produces the brand-name version of the drug.

4. Is there such a thing as a Non-FDA-Approved Generic Drug?

No, technically speaking, there is no such thing as a non-FDA-approved “generic” drug.  As outlined above, legitimate “generic” drugs must have the same characteristics as their brand-name counterparts, and must pass through the same FDA approval process in order to be sold to the public.

When an offshore company copies a brand-name drug before its patent expires it cannot get FDA approval because it is breaking US law.

5. Problems with Offshore Copies of Brand-Name Drugs

There are two major problems with so-called “generic” drugs that are not FDA approved.

  • It is illegal to sell these drugs in the US (and other countries) because they are ignoring US and international patent laws
  • It is dangerous to buy and use these drugs, because they are not subject to inspection and regulation. According to some sources, “many of these generics are created in unsanitary, make-shift labs and over half of these medications tested are cited for being unsafe for onsumption.” In many cases they are found to contain “little to none or too much of the active ingredient.”

6. How Can You Be Sure You are Buying FDA Approved Drugs?

  • The website should say “FDA Approved” or “FDA Approved Pharmaceuticals”
  • Websites offering “generic” versions of newer drugs such as Viagra, Cialis, Levitra, and Propecia are selling non-FDA-approved versions of these drugs. These drugs have not been around long enough for their patent to have expired, so the “generic” copies are illegal copies.
  • Never buy from a website that has no phone number to call or physical address you can verify.
  • The online pharmacy should have knowledgeable licensed consultants able to answer your questions.

Jack Off Drugs And Island Bound

As if we needed any further reason to plant our asses on the couch for additional hour per week, Lost has come back for it’s 5th and penultimate season. The 2 hour premier, made up of two episodes Because You Left and The Lie did supply quite a bang to jump start my enthusiasm for the show again. While I don’t classify Lost as a television program as much as I do “digital crack” I think it managed to fulfill the fix more efficiently than Jack taking a trip to the hospital pharmacy.

One of the major successes that Lost has had over its run is how it’s managed make a slow transition from intense character drama with a touch of fantasy and mystery to a full blown sci-fi/fantasy program without losing a beat.

One of the major shortcomings of any fringe genre is when the focus is on the events, the technology, the magic and the fantasy rather than the drama itself. With Lost, so much time has been spent developing the characters over the past several seasons we can now enter this next phase of the program with a built in “I actually care” factor.

While the shift in genre was cause for the loss of some of the early fans, those that have stuck with it are being rewarded as all of the intense background study on our island castaways over the last several years comes full circle to bring us to a pay off over these final 2 seasons.

While it’s certainly debatable, I believe we can officially proclaim that season 5 is giving us a sharp change in the format of the program. The flashbacks/forwards are now gone-well, sort of since we’re basically now following two story arcs happening 3 years apart. Confident that we know these characters, it can now begin to generate intrigue and action around them at a breakneck pace without fear of losing our interest.

I did have a substantial concern going into the premier that this new direction, taking so much of the show’s focus to the characters’ struggles on the mainland, was going to start to dull the edge and possibly break the entire show down. This is obviously not the case. We did get an outstanding 2 hours to start season 5.

I was afraid the entire “move” of the island in the finale of season 4 was going to be a cheap plot device. Now we see that this was only the start of a major development that is driving the story forward. The care with this show has been built is letting us swallow whatever craziness the writers are prepared to throw us at this point.

So what did we really get in these two hours?

o A series of unfortunate events: almost all the characters have now been given a monkey on their back the size of King Kong which serves to give them motivation to return to the island. While the specifics are different for all of them, it simply comes down to, as episode 2’s title puts it, “The Lie.” Per Locke’s warning at the end of season 4, the lie is destroying their lives seemingly to the point of no return. Now they all have strong motivation to get the hell out of dodge and back to the island…probably permanently.

o Ben Linus: Savior or Schmuck? I vote schmuck. Michael Emerson is a brilliant actor. It’s never been more impossible to read the true intentions of a character from week to week. The little rat-bastard can’t be trusted. Hugo nailed it in episode 2, subjecting himself to jail on murder charges rather than trusting him. Gotta love hating this guy. Now the question is how many weeks before they spring the old Ben Linus on us?

o Sun and Kate, the thrill killers: if there’s anything that’s not thrilling me right now is the handling of these two at the end of last season and now through the beginning of this season. There is just something unsettling, and dare I say “uninteresting” about a bad-ass confident Sun. With Kate, the character just seems entirely out of the element that made her interesting to begin with. Also, while key to the story, is anyone else not looking forward to having a toddler drag down the action of the show? Maybe we can bring Claire back in just long enough to babysit the little rugrat when the time comes.

o Jack Off the drugs and alcohol and getting back to his old self? But which old self? I love the fact that they spent 3 full seasons building up Jack as the unwavering hero and protagonist of the show only to spend all of season 4 tearing the sonuvabitch down a few notches with his questionable judgment in his final days on the island as well his incredible fall into addiction once they were off. Really a brilliant roller-coaster ride with Jack so far. Bravo Matthew Fox.

o Locke still in the box: We have a living breathing Terry O’Quinn as John Locke in the program as we jump back and forth now between the two time lines, but at what point do the writers have to face bringing the guy back from the dead without crossing the threshold of ultimate cheese? All this time we’ve been watching the show play a game of “Good Locke, Bad Locke” with us, do we now get “Good Locke, DEAD Locke?”

o Daniel Faraday, your friendly neighborhood physicist. Can’t say much about Jeremy Davies’ portrayal of Faraday on Lost since Season 4 other than the fact that he has quickly become one of the best, most intriguing and most entertaining characters on the show. That’s not only my highest praise for Davies, but also for the writers in successfully being able to continue to inject new characters and angles into the program in successful ways.

o Sayid and Hugo, my official prediction. When the show comes to a close at the end of season 6, I believe that Sayid and Hugo will be the only two characters that don’t end up on the island and they will spin off into their own series. Tentatively titled The Fatwa and the Fatman, it will feature the unlikely pair sharing an apartment in downtown L.A. getting into a myriad of crazy misadventures.

Sayid, a cab driver by day and CIA hitman at night will struggle with his conscience and moral objections to violence each week when given his assassination target while Hugo continually struggles with his weight and mental illness issues. A large number of episodes will center around Hugo being in the wrong place at the wrong time and being inadvertently pinned with Sayid’s government sanctioned crimes. Dominic Mohaghan will star as the ghost of Charlie who appears to Hugo regularly as his spiritual advisor and moral compass. The pilot episode will center around Sayid’s first CIA assignment to hunt down and kill Walt.

Store Displays for Drug Stores

Half the battle of owning or managing a drug store is the display design and organization of the space. Customers should be able to find what they are looking for while experiencing a pleasant, clean, environment. Store fixtures play a huge role in accomplishing these things. Fixtures for displaying your merchandise can be purchased in a number of places online and in retail stores, and sometimes used from another drug store going out of business. If you are looking to fully supply a new store with fixtures, the average cost for drug stores and pharmacies is around $20k. this may seem like a huge investment, and it is. It will pay for itself over and over again.

There are so many types of store fixtures and displays that come in various materials. Typical, modern fixtures are usually a blend of wood and steel components, but some drug stores feature antique cases while others focus on medicinal distribution fixtures. Some of the most common fixture types are slatwalls, gridwalls, gondolas, merchandisers, literature racks, tables, shelving, hangers, and display cases. Each has a unique purpose and advantage. Slatwalls are perfect for electronic displays, make-up, and can even be used for medicine racks. Shelving units are probably the most substantial units you will need, and they will usually cover the main sales floor. Every item for sale must be considered when purchasing these units, so take the time to pick the right store fixtures.

Flexibility of function is the most important factor when picking out fixtures for these types of stores. Store fixtures can easily adjust for different types of display function are extremely convenient. For this reason, slatwalls are great for these purposes. The same wall can display so many different products. It is also important to account for those products that are heavier than usual or extremely large. They must be kept on fixtures that are supported by the floor, such as large metal shelving units.

Once you have decided how many fixtures to purchase, what types, and where they will go, the job is far from over. Stocking the store with merchandise must be done right the first time. Get organized by creating a written document or computer spreadsheet that includes each item and where it will be located. You can make things simpler by numbering or coding fixtures in different parts of the store. The more organized merchandise is, the more customers will enjoy shopping in your establishment.